Solongo Shagdarsuren, Ulambayar Batchuluun, Daniel Lindbergh Lang

DOI Number
First page
Last page


A decline in number of credit hours of English courses for English-majoring students at National University of Mongolia is forcing teachers and students to focus on how to learn English more effectively and what factors would affect that process within credit hours allowed at the university. However, the English teaching class hours in Mongolian secondary schools have been increasing for the last few years, due to the interest in learning English as a foreign language, and resulting in a growth in the demand for English teachers. This study has a goal to investigate into motivation of English-majoring students towards learning English and the factors affecting them to be demotivated. Twenty students studying English as a major at National University of Mongolia, Erdenet School completed the research questionnaire  which intended to discover English learning motivation through 12 items and attended focus group interview with 5 questions to find internal and external demotivating factors in 2019-2020 academic year. The students had instrumental orientation and demonstrated a strong desire to learn English. Furthermore, they were demotivated by their teachers’ and classmates’ attitudes and living conditions. The researchers suggested some recommendations based on the study findings. 


learning motivation, instrumental motivation, integrative motivation, demotivation, internal factors, external factors

Full Text:



Afzal, H., Ali, I., Khan, M. A., & Hamid, K. (2010). A Study of University Students' Motivation and Its Relationship with Thei Academic Performance . International Journal of Business and Management , 80-88.

Ali, M. S., & Pathan, Z. H. (2017). Exploring Factors Causing Demotivation and Motivation in Learning English Language among College Students of Quetta, Pakistan . International Journal of English Linguistics, 81-89.

Chambers, G. N. (1993). Taking the 'de' out of demotivation . Language learning journal , 13-16.

Chen, L. (2014). Attitude and Motivation for English Learning. Studies in Literature and Language , 51-56.

Dorneyi, Z. (2001). Demotivation in foreign language learning. TESOL '98 Congress. Seattle : Longman .

Dorneyi, Z. (2018). Motivating students and teachers. Retrieved from Zoltan Dorneyi :

Dorneyi, Z. (2018). Motivating students and teachers . y John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Dorneyi, Z., & Ushioda, E. (2011). Teaching and Researching motivation. Malaysia: Pearson Education Limited.

Fry, H., Ketteridge, S., & Marshall, S. (2009). A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Hiugher Education . New York : Taylor& Francis e-Library .

Gardner, R. C. (2004). Retrieved from Robert C. Gardner:

Gardner, R. C., & Lambert, W. E. (1972). Attitudes and Motivation in Second-Language Learning . Massachusetts : Newbury House Publishers .

Gardner, R. E. (2007, 02 02). Motivation and Second Language Acquisition. Retrieved from Western Technology Services:

Gardner, R. (n.d.). Integrative Motivation: Past, Present and Future. Retrieved from Western Technology Services:

Jung, S. K. (2011). Demotivating and Remotivating Factors in Learning English; A case of low level College students. English teaching, 47-72.

Kikuchi, K., & Sakai, H. (2009). Japanese Learners’ Demotivation to Study English: A survey study . The Japan Association for Language teaching journal , 183-204.

Klimova, B. F. (2011). Motivation for Learning English at a university level. Procedia Social and Behavioral Science, 2599-2603.

Krueger, R. A., & Casey, M. A. (2015). Focus group interviewing research methods. Retrieved from Richard A. Krueger :

Ozuturk, G., & Hursen, C. (2014). Determination of University students motivation in EFL classroom . Procedia Social and Behavioral Science , 7-12.

Shagdarsuren, S., & Davaasuren, J. (2017). Current Situation of English language level of students at NUM, Orkhon School. Mongolian Journal of English language and Culture Studies , 111-120.

William, M., & Burden, R. (1997). Motivation in Language Learning: A social Constructivist perspective. Les Cahiers l' APLIUT, 19-27.

Zangbar, A. (2012). Retrieved from Mountain Scholar :;sequence=1



ISSN 2334-9182 (Print)
ISSN 2334-9212 (Online)