THE ANALYSIS OF FACULTY NEEDS TO ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES IN A MIDDLE-EASTERN CONTEXT

Sharareh Taghizadeh Vahed

DOI Number
10.22190/JTESAP1701077V
First page
77
Last page
86

Abstract


Needs Analysis, a process that focuses on how an English course addresses the needs of its learners, is an integral part of every ESP/EAP course. Since the emergence of English for Academic Purposes, extensive research has been conducted to specify the needs of university students to English for both educational and research purposes. However, research with a focus on the measurement of English-related needs of university professors and research staff is scarce and even non-existent in Middle-eastern contexts. Considering the fact that writing English papers and books, attending international conferences, and interacting with their colleagues around the world is crucial to the success of university professors, the aim of this paper is to analyze the needs of faculty members from various academic departments at three large universities in a Middle-eastern context. A 25-item questionnaire was completed by 138 university professors, and the findings indicate that there is a significant demand for EAP, and specifically, Academic Writing courses at Engineering and Health departments, whereas the demand is not significant for Humanities and Social Sciences despite the fact that scholars in Humanities and Social Sciences are the most detached from the global academic and research contexts. Therefore, the findings of this paper show that the increasing pressure to publish in English-medium journals has led to an alienation from the international academic platforms, especially in Social Sciences and Humanities where the non-native scholars’ English needs are placing them at a disadvantage in comparison with their native speaker colleagues in other parts of the world. The results also revealed that age was an important indicator of the professors’ English writing competence and their ability to meet the expectations of English-medium journals.

Keywords

needs analysis, English for academic purposes, English for specific purposes, English-medium publication

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ammon, Ulrich. The present dominance of English in Europe. With an outlook on possible solutions to the European language problems. na, 1994.

Ammon, Ulrich, ed. The dominance of English as a language of science: Effects on other languages and language communities. Vol. 84. Walter de Gruyter, 2001.

Ammon, Ulrich. "English as a future language of teaching at German universities? A question of difficult consequences, posed by the decline of German as a language of science." CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE 84 (2001): 343-362.

Baldauf Jr, Richard B., and Bjorn H. Jernudd. "Language of publications as a variable in scientific communication." Australian Review of Applied Linguisics 6, no. 1 (1983): 97-108.

Burgess, Sally. "Packed houses and intimate gatherings: Audience and rhetorical structure." Academic discourse (2002): 196-215.

Canagarajah, A. Suresh. "“Nondiscursive” requirements in academic publishing, material resources of periphery scholars, and the politics of knowledge production." Written communication 13, no. 4 (1996): 435-472.

Cargill, Margaret, and Patrick O’Connor. "Developing Chinese scientists’ skills for publishing in English: Evaluating collaborating-colleague workshops based on genre analysis." Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5, no. 3 (2006): 207-221.

David, Crystal. "English as a global language." UK: Cambridge University Press. Print (1997).

Curry, Mary Jane, and Theresa Lillis. "Multilingual scholars and the imperative to publish in English: Negotiating interests, demands, and rewards." TESOL quarterly (2004): 663-688.

Curry, Mary Jane, and Theresa M. Lillis. "Academic research networks: Accessing resources for English-medium publishing." English for Specific Purposes 29, no. 4 (2010): 281-295.

Dudley-Evans, Tony, and Maggie Jo St John. Developments in English for specific purposes: A multi-disciplinary approach. Cambridge university press, 1998.

Flowerdew, John. "Writing for scholarly publication in English: The case of Hong Kong." Journal of Second Language Writing 8, no. 2 (1999): 123-145.

Gibbs, W. Wayt. "Lost science in the third world." Scientific American 273 (1995): 92-99.

Graddol, David. "The future of English?: A guide to forecasting the popularity of the English language in the 21st century." (1997).

Gunnarsson, Britt-Louise. "Swedish, English* French or German." The dominance of English as a language of science: Effects on other languages and language communities 84 (2001): 287.

Hutchinson, Tom, and Alan Waters. English for specific purposes. Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Lillis, Theresa, and Mary Jane Curry. "Professional academic writing by multilingual scholars interactions with literacy brokers in the production of English-medium texts." Written Communication 23, no. 1 (2006): 3-35.

Lillis, Theresa, and Mary Jane Curry. "Reframing notions of competence in scholarly writing: From individual to networked activity." Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses 53, no. Special Is (2006): 63-78.

Moreno, Ana I. "Genre constraints across languages: Causal metatext in Spanish and English RAs." English for Specific Purposes 16, no. 3 (1997): 161-179.

Moreno, Ana I., and Lorena Suárez. "A study of critical attitude across English and Spanish academic book reviews." Journal of English for Academic Purposes 7, no. 1 (2008): 15-26.

Polo, Francisco Javier Fernández, and Mario Cal Varela. "English for research purposes at the University of Santiago de Compostela: a survey." Journal of English for Academic Purposes 8, no. 3 (2009): 152-164.

John, Maggie Jo St. "Writing processes of Spanish scientists publishing in English." English for Specific Purposes 6, no. 2 (1987): 113-120.

Swales, John. Research genres: Explorations and applications. Ernst Klett Sprachen, 2004.

Wood, Alistair. "International scientific English: The language of research scientists around the world." Research perspectives on English for academic purposes (2001): 71-83.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



ISSN 2334-9182 (Print)

ISSN 2334-9212 (Online)



Publisher:

University of Niš

Univerzitetski trg 2, 18000 Niš, Serbia
Phone:    +381 18 257 095
Telefax:  +381 18 257 950


© 2013 by University of Niš, Serbia