Besa Bytyqi

DOI Number
First page
Last page


 “Doing projects” is a long-standing tradition in American education. According to Buck Institute for Education (BIE) ( the roots of PBL lie in this tradition. But the emergence of a method of teaching and learning called Project Based Learning (PBL) is the result of two important developments over the last 25 years. First, there has been a revolution in learning theory. Research in neuroscience and psychology has extended cognitive and behavioral models of learning—which support traditional direct instruction—to show that knowledge, thinking, doing, and the contexts for learning are inextricably tied. We now know that learning is partly a social activity; it takes place within the context of culture, community, and past experiences.

Full Text:



Beckett, G.H. & Slater, T. (2005). The project framework: a tool for language, content, and skills integration. ELT Journal. 59(2): 108-116. Oxford University Press.

Belcher, D. (2009). What ESP Is and Can Be: An Introduction. In D. Belcher (Ed.), English for Specific Purposes in Theory and Practice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Boud, D., and Feletti, G. I. 1997. The Challenge of Problem-Based Learning. London: Kogan Page.

Fried-Booth, Diana L. (2002). Project Work. (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Ichsan, M. H. (2016) Retrieved Aug 28, 2021 from

James, M. A. 2006. Teaching for Transfer in ELT. ELT Journal, Vol. 60 No. 2, 151-159. Oxford University Press.

Jones, B. F., Rasmussen, C. M., & Moffitt, M. C. (1997). Real-life problem solving: A collaborative approach to interdisciplinary learning. Washington DC: American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/10266-000

Markham, T., Larmer, J., & Ravitz, J. (2009). Project based learning handbook: A guide to standards-focused project based learning. Novato, CA: Buck Institute for Education.

Simpson, J (2011) Integrating PBL in an English Language Tourism Classroom in a Thai University. Australian Catholic University: Unpublished Dissertation

Stoller, F. (2006). Establishing a theoretical foundation for project-based learning in second and foreign-language contexts. In G.H. Beckett & P.C. Miller (Eds.), Project-based second and foreign language education: past, present, and future (pp.19-40).

Greenwich, Connecticut: Information Age Publishing.

Thomas, J. W. (2000). A review of research on project-based learning. Retrieved from

Thomas, J. W., Mergendoller, J. R., & Michaelson, A. (1999). Project-based learning: A handbook for middle and high school teachers. Novato, CA: The Buck Institute for Education.

Tomei, J., Glick, C., & Holst, M. (1999). Project work in the Japanese university classroom. The Language Teacher, 23(3), 5-8.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 2334-9182 (Print)
ISSN 2334-9212 (Online)