Tatiana Permyakova, Tatiana Utkina

DOI Number
First page
Last page


This research studies professional and non-professional levels of academic discourse by analyzing cognitive metaphor models in the English written texts produced by Russian students with different competence in economics. The results of comparative analysis of specific features in metaphor models in two types of academic discourses – professional and non-professional – reveal the difference how students at different levels of study develop their professional competence in their core curriculum disciplines. At an early stage students predominantly use external associations in metaphors, and at a later stage – internal/personal verbal associations. The research results might be significant for more targeted identification of ESAP content.

Full Text:



Alekseeva, Larissa and Svetlana Mishlanova. Medical Discourse: Theoretical background and Principles of Analysis. [in Russian] Meditsinkii diskurs: teoretitcheskie osnovy i printsipy analiza. Perm: Perm State University, 2002.

Antonova, Nataliia. “Pedagogical Discourse: Teacher’s Verbal Behaviour at the Lesson.” [in Russian] “Pedagogitcheski diskurs: retchevoe povedenie utchitel’a na uroke.” PhD diss., Saratov, 2007.

Biber, Douglas. A University Language. Corpus-Based Study of Spoken and Written Registers. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: John Benjamins, 2006.

Budaev, Eduard. “Comparative Political Metaphorology.” [in Russian] “Sopostavitel’naia polititcheskaia metaforologiia.” PhD diss., Ekaterinburg, 2007.

Cassirer, Ernst. “Power of Metaphor.” Metaphor Theory (1990): 33-43.

Chudinov, Anatoliy. Metaphoric Mosaic in Modern Political Metaphor. [in Russian] Metaforitcheskaia mozaika v sovremennoi polititcheskoi metafore. Ekaterinburg, 2005.

Davidson, Donald. “What Metaphors Mean?” Metaphor Theory (1990): 173–193.

Educational Program. Accessed December 4, 2013.;

Ezhova, Tatiana. “Pedagogical Discourse and its design.” [in Russian] “Pedagogitcheski diskurs i iego proiektirovaniie.” Eidos, September 30, 2007. Accessed March 20, 2014.–5.htm.

Fauconnier, Gilles. Mappings in Thought and Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Gibbs, Raymond W. and Gerard Steen. Metaphor in cognitive linguistics. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: Benjamins, 1999.

Gunnarsson, Britt-Louise. Professional discourse. Continuum Discourse Series. London, 2009.

Karasik, Vladimir. Language Circle: Personality, Concepts, Discourse. [in Russian] Yazykovoi krug: litchnost’, kontsepty, diskurs. Moscow: Gnosis, 2004.

Kubriakova, Elena. “Semantics in Cognitive Linguistics (on Concept ‘Container’ and forms of its objectification in language).” [in Russian] “Semantika v kognitivnoi lingvistike (o kontsepte konteinera i formah iego ob’ektivatsii v yazyke).” Izvestiia RAN 6(58) (1999): 4–39.

Kucherenko, Svetlana. “An integrated view of EOP and EAP.” Journal of Teaching English for Specific and Academic purposes 1(1) 2013: 3-9. Accessed May 28, 2014.

Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Accessed June 24, 2014.

Mishlanova, Svetlana and Tatiana Utkina. Metaphor in Popular Medical Discourse. [in Russian] Metafora v nautchno-popul’arnom meditsinskom diskurse. Perm: Perm State University, 2008.

Mishlanova, Svetlana. Metaphor in Medical Discourse. [in Russian] Metafora v meditsinskom diskurse. Perm: Perm State University, 2002.

Myers, Greg. “Discourse studies of scientific popularization: Questioning the boundaries.” Discourse studies 5(2) (2003): 265–279.

Oleshkov, Mikhail. “Basic Parameters of Professional Communication Model (based on the example of educational discourse).” [in Russian] “Osnovnye parametry modeli profesional’noi kommunikatsii (na primere didaktitcheskogo diskursa).” Sociocultural Issues in Education. (2006): 62–71.

Poliakova, Svetlana and Svetlana Mishlanova. “Metaphoric Representation of Disease in Non-professional Medical Discourse In Russia and US.” [in Russian] “Metaforitcheskoye predstavlenie o bolezni v neprofessional’nom meditsinskom diskurse v Rossii i SSHA.” Vestnik of Vyatka State University of Humanities. 1(2) (2010): 60–62.

Pragglejaz Group. “MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse.” In: Metaphor and Symbol, edited by Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr., vol. 22, no. 1, 1-39. Routledge, 2007.

Steen, Gerard J. “From linguistic form to conceptual structure in five steps: analyzing metaphor in poetry.” In Cognitive poetics: Goals, gains and gaps, edited by Geert. Brône and Jeroen Vandaele, 197–226. Berlin / New York, 2009: Mouton de Gruyter.

Suomela-Salmi, Eija and Fred Dervin. Cross-linguistic and Cross-cultural perspectives on Academic Discourse. John Benjamins Publishing, 2009.

Utkina, Tatiana. “Metaphor in English Academic Discourse in Economics.” The Stockholm 2011 Metaphor Festival Abstracts version 1.3, Stockholm. Accessed 15 December,2011.!/Stockholm_2011_Metaphor_Festival_ABSTRACTS_Vers_1_3.pdf

Zimniaia, Irina. Pedagogical Psychology. [in Russian] Pedagogitcheskaia psihologiia. Moscow: Logos, 2000.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 2334-9182 (Print)
ISSN 2334-9212 (Online)