Tatiana Utkina

DOI Number
First page
Last page


The article addresses EFL students’ academic writing competence by fostering and evaluating their writing practices through conceptual metaphors. The research dataset comprised 102 Russian students majoring in economics. The students received the instruction based on the framework of the Conceptual Metaphor Theory during their EAP, ESP and EMI courses in economics. Metaphor Identification Procedure VU University Amsterdam (MIPVU) and the method of metaphoric modeling were used to assess EFL writing competence in economic knowledge domains – knowledge of terms and specific concepts, represented as conceptual metaphors. The statistical analysis did not show significant changes in the writing competence level of students when their EAP and ESP writing was compared. However, statistical differences were revealed in the use of metaphors when the students progressed from their EAP to EMI course and from their ESP to EMI course. The qualitative analysis demonstrated main differences within the conceptual metaphor domains in ESP and EMI writing. On the whole, the results reported here suggest the dynamics of FL writing competence of the Russian students specializing in economics when attending an EAP course, an ESP course and an EMI course in economics at the university.


academic writing, subject-specific competence, conceptual metaphor

Full Text:



Alejo, Rafael. “Making sense of phrasal verbs: a cognitive linguistics account.” In Applied cognitive linguistics in second language learning and teaching, edited by Littlemore Jeannette and Constanze Juchem-Grundmann, 50–71. AILA Review, 2010.

Alekseeva, Larisa and Svetlana Mishlanova. Formirovanye metaforicheskoy kompetentsii [Formation of the metaphorical competence]. Vestnik permskogo universiteta. Rossiyskaya i zarubezhnaya filologiya, 4(36) (2016): 98-107.

Bailey, Richard. “Conceptual metaphor, language, literature and pedagogy.” Journal of Language and Learning 1(2) (2003): 59-72.

Berendt, Erich A., ed. Metaphors for learning: Cross-cultural perspectives. John Benjamins Publishing, 2008.

Charteris-Black, Jonathan and Timothy Ennis. “A comparative study of metaphor in Spanish and English financial reporting.” English for specific purposes 20(3) (2001): 249-266.

Coffin, Caroline, Mary Jane Curry, Sharon Goodman, Ann Hewings, Theresa M. Lillis, and Joan Swann. Teaching academic writing: A toolkit for higher education. London: Routledge, 2003.

Council of Europe. Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching and Assessment. Strasbourg, 2001.

Educational Programme. Accessed August 21, 2016. http://www.hse.ru/edu/courses/94100352.html

Harklau, Linda. “The role of writing in classroom second language acquisition.” Journal of Second Language Writing 11 (2002): 329–350.

Hashemian, Mahmood and Mohammad Reza Talebi Nezhad. “The development of conceptual fluency and metaphorical competence in L2 learners.” Linguistik online 30(1/06) (2013): 41-56.

Herrera, Honesto and Michael White. “Cognitive linguistics and the language learning process: A case from Economics.” Estudios Ingleses de La Universidad Complutense (8) (2000): 55–78.

Hinkel, Eli. Second Language Writers’ Text: Linguistic and Rhetorical Features. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002.

Hyland, Ken. “Learning to write: Issues in theory, research and pedagogy.” In Learning-to-write and writing-to-learn in an additional language, edited by Rosa M. Manchón, 17–35. John Benjamins, 2011.

Kaplan, Robert B. “Cultural thought patterns in intercultural education.” Language Learning 16(1) (1966): 1-20.

Kathpalia, Sujata S. and Heah Lee Hah Carmel. “Metaphorical competence in ESL student writing.” RELC Journal 42(3) (2011): 273-290.

Lakoff, George. “The contemporary theory of metaphor.” In Metaphor and Thought, 2nd ed., edited by Andrew Ortony, 1-50. Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Lakoff, George, Jane Espenson, and Alan Schwartz. “Master Metaphor List,” October 1991, (21 December 2020).

Langer, Tomáš. “Metaphors in economics: Conceptual mapping possibilities in the lectures of economics.” Procedia Economics and Finance 25 (2015): 308-317.

Langum, Virginia and Kirk P.H.Sullivan. “Writing academic English as a doctoral student in Sweden: Narrative perspectives.” Journal of Second Language Writing 35 (2017): 20-25.

Littlemore, Jeannette and Graham Low. “Metaphoric competence, second language learning, and communicative language ability.” Applied linguistics 27(2) (2006): 268-294.

Littlemore, Jeannette, Tina Krennmayr, James Turner, and Sarah Turner. “Investigating figurative proficiency at different levels of second language writing.” Research Notes 47 (2012): 14–23.

Manchón, Rosa M. “Broadening the perspective of L2 writing scholarship: The contribution of research on foreign language writing.” In Writing in foreign language contexts: Learning, teaching, and research, edited by Rosa M. Manchón, 1-19. Multilingual Matters, 2009.

Matsuda, Paul Kei. “Contrastive rhetoric in context: A dynamic model of L2 writing.” Journal of Second Language Writing 6(1) (1997): 45-60.

Matsuda, Paul Kei. “Teaching composition in the multilingual world: Second language writing in composition studies. In Exploring composition studies: Sites, issues, and perspectives, edited by Kelly Ritter and Paul Kei Matsuda, 36-51. Utah State University Press, 2012.

McCloskey, Donald N. The Rhetoric of economics. University of Wisconsin Press, 1998.

Permyakova, Tatyana and Tatiana Utkina. “The study of conceptual metaphors in ESAP L2 writing: range and variability.” Research in Language 14(4) (2016): 437-451.

Pincas, Anita. Teaching English Writing. Macmillan, 1982.

Pragglejaz Group. “MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse.” In Metaphor and Symbol, edited by Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr., 22(1), 1-39. Routledge, 2007

Sinclair, John. Corpus, Concordance, Collocation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Steen, Gerard J. “From linguistic form to conceptual structure in five steps: Analyzing metaphor in poetry.” In Cognitive poetics: Goals, gains and gaps, edited by Geert Brône and Jeroen Vandaele, 197-226. Mouton de Gruyter, 2009.

Steen, Gerard, Alleta G. Dorst, J. Berenike Herrmann, Anna A. Kaal, Tina Krennmayr, and Tryntje Pasma. A method for linguistic metaphor identification. John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2010.

Tarnopolsky, Oleg and Andriy Vysselko. “Mini-courses on economic disciplines in an advanced ESP course for university students of economics.” The Journal of Teaching English for Specific and Academic Purposes 2 (1) (2014): 45-59. Accessed March 20, 2016. http://espeap.junis.ni.ac.rs/index.php/espeap/issue/view/3.

Utkina, Tatiana. Metaphor in English academic discourse in economics. September 2011, (15 January 2012).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/JTESAP2104587U


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 2334-9182 (Print)
ISSN 2334-9212 (Online)